StoryMapJS

Bibliography

Banks, Ingrid. Hair Matters: Beauty, Power, and Black Women’s Consciousness. New York: NYU Press, 2000.

Brown, Kimberly D. “The Battle for Black Beauty: Howard University’s Grooming Program for Women and African-American Activism in Redefining Aesthetic Ideology Through Pageants Since 1925.” PhD diss., Howard University, 2013.

Brown, Korey Bowers. “Souled Out: “Ebony” Magazine in an Age of Black Power, 1965-1975.” PhD diss., Howard University, 2010.

Craig, Maxine Leeds. Ain’t I a Beauty Queen?: Black Women, Beauty, and the Politics of Race. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Davis, Angela. “Rhetoric Vs. Reality: Angela Davis Tells Why Black People Should Not Be Deceived By Words.” Ebony (July 1971): 114-120.

Davis, Angela Y. “Afro Images: Politics, Fashion, and Nostalgia.” Critical Inquiry 21, no. 1 (1994): 37-45.

Gill, Tiffany M. Beauty Shop Politics: African American Women’s Activism in the Beauty Industry. Women in American History. Urbana: Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2010.

Lee, Felicia R. “An Appreciation: He Created a Mirror for Black America.” New York Times (10 August 2005): B1, B7.

Leslie, Michael. “Slow to Fade to?: Advertising in Ebony Magazine, 1957-1989.” Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 72, no. 2 (Summer,1995): 426.

Llorens, David. “Natural Hair: New Symbol of Race Pride.” Ebony (December 1967): 139-144.

Mason, Aurielle C. “Hair Shame: Multigenerational Transmission of Internalized Racism in African American Women.” Alliant International University, 2015.

Merritt-Ferguson, Michelle C. “The Evolution of African-American Haircare Since the 1920s.” PhD diss.,The Union Institution, 2002.

Michals, Debra.  “Madam C. J. Walker.” National Women’s History Museum.  2015.  www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/madam-cj-walker.

Rooks, Noliwe M. 1996. Hair Raising: Beauty, Culture, and African American Women. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1996.

Russell-Cole Kathy, and Wilson, Midge, PhD, and Hall, Ronald E. PhD. The Color Complex (Revised): The Politics of Skin Color in a New Millennium. NY: Anchor Books, 2013.

Walker, Susannah Feeny. “For Appearances’ Sake: African American Women’s Commercial Beauty Culture From 1920 to the 1970s.” PhD diss., Carnegie Mellon University, 2001.

Walker, Susannah. “Independent Livings or No Bed of Roses”?  How Race and Class Shaped Beauty Culture as an Occupation for African American Women From the 1920s to the 1960s”. Journal of Women’s History, 20(3), 2008, 60-83,219.